The final exam will have a form of a paper (800-1000 words). It should be based
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The final exam will have a form of a paper (800-1000 words). It should be based on class
readings and discussions. Using the method of contrast (differences/similarities), the test will
stress Mill’s idea of utilitarianism and relate it to the ethical theories by Aristotle, Kant, and
Held. Please choose one topic to write the paper and comprehensively examine the intricate
character of the ethical theories we studied in class:
1. Compare Plato and Aristotle on the nature of the soul, including its relationship to the
body. What does Descartes think about the soul and the body? Does Arendt recognize
the association of soul and body? Propose a short argument to justify your claims.
2. What is the hypothesis of the evil demon? How does Descartes believe he can rule out
that hypothesis? Do you agree with the philosopher? Why/why not? How do Plato,
Aristotle, and Arendt address the existence of evil? Use class readings in your answer.