Final assignment: A problem for Russell’s argument from analogy (example of intr
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Final assignment: A problem for Russell’s argument from analogy (example of introduction)Oscar Barragán
IntroductionIn this paper I argue that Russell’s famous argument from analogy for other minds fails. Specifically, I maintain that even if we agree with Russellin claiming that we infer the existence of other minds from the reasoning that the behavior of others is caused by their mental states, just like our own behavior is caused by our mental states, it is not clear that the analogy is reliable. As I show in my evaluation section, the problem is that we have no reason to trust the inference because we have no way of ruling cases of behavioral copy-cats whose behaviors resemble ours but who either have different mental states or no mental states at all. I provide details for my argument below.
This paper has three sections. In the analysis section, I characterize Russell’s main claim and summarize his argument for believing in the analogical reasoning concerning minds. I then reply to Russell in the evaluation section. Finally,I give a summary of my results and provide some further suggestions for future considerations of the problem of other minds in the conclusion section.
Analysis(similar to an IAEQ)
Evaluation (similar to an IAEQ)
I have argued that Russell’s argument from analogy fails. The problem with the argument is that even if it is true that we infer the existence of other minds from the reasoning that the behavior is caused by mental states, just like our own behavior iscaused by our mental states, it is possible to imagine counterexamples involving behavioral copy-cats that act like we do, but whose mental states are not like anything we may be able to fathom or simply have no mental states at all.