skip to Main Content

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

I would like to give a detailed response about or your opinion and talk about th

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable rates

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

I would like to give a detailed response about or your opinion and talk about the article below in a manner that adds information and/or asks new and interesting questions. ——————————————————————————
The accident I chose was the 1992 crash of USAir Flight 405. As this aircraft, a Fokker 28-4000, was attempting to depart LaGuardia airport it stalled and impacted the ground to the side of the takeoff runway. This stall was the result of ice buildup on the wings which greatly reduced the capability of the wings to produce adequate lift. The main risk that day was the serious icing conditions present. Compounding this were several delays which led the crew of 405 to return for a second deicing. After this, they reasonably determined that icing was no longer a severe risk. Neither the official regulations nor the company procedures required the crew to more thoroughly examine the wing for ice buildup. However, the report did find that the airport’s deicing procedures were inadequate due to not using the optimal type of fluid. The type 1 fluid used only provided about 15 minutes of protection while takeoff delays were stretching beyond 30 minutes. The reason this other (type II) fluid was not used was the result of the airport manager waiting on guidance from the FAA regarding its possible effects on surface friction. Tests to determine the truth of this were ongoing and nearby airports were using the type II fluid without incident. Moreover, type II fluid is formulated for anti icing which would have been more appropriate for this situation, but it was not in common use at the time within the United States. The flight crew did consider going for a third deicing, but ultimately decided to press forward towards the takeoff.
This incident is interesting from a hazard and risk assessment standpoint since the icing threat was correctly identified as a threat to safety. From the crew’s perspective they performed their due diligence in looking at the wing with the ice light but did not see the clear ice that had built up. The airport manager had realized that type II fluid would be useful but had not reached a final decision on its use. USAir and the FAA both had guidelines and best practices but not any that fit this exact scenario. This crash is what kicked off an intensive study of icing conditions to ensure that the entire aviation system would not repeat this tragedy. With perfect hindsight, the correct action for the crew to make would have been to go back for that third deicing and inspect the wing from a better vantage point to check for ice. The airport manager should have been authorizing the use of that type II fluid to provide better protection. Finally, at the highest level of decision making, the FAA and the airline should have had rules and guidelines in place to encourage a more aggressive assessment of icing conditions.
National Transportation Safety Board. (1992). Aircraft Accident Report.

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

Quality Papers

At, we always aim at 100% customer satisfaction. As such, we never compromise o the quality of our homework services. Elite academic helpers ensure that they craft each paper carefully to match the requirements of the instruction form.

Affordable Prices

Our company maintains a fair pricing system for all academic writing services to ensure affordability. Our pricing system generates quotations based on the properties of individual papers.

Professional Academic Writers

With, every student is guaranteed high-quality, professionally written papers. We ensure that we hire individuals with high academic qualifications who can maintain our quality policy. These writers undergo further training to sharpen their writing skills, making them more competent in writing academic papers.

Customer Support 24/7

Our customer support works around the clock to provide students with assistance or guidance at any time of the day. Students can always communicate with us through our live chat system or our email and receive instant responses. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email:


100% Originality maintains a zero-plagiarism policy in all papers. As such, Elite academic essays professional academic writers ensure that they use the students’ instructions to deliver plagiarism-free papers. We are very keen on avoiding any chance of similarities with previous papers.

On-Time delivery

Elite Academic Essays guarantees all students of swift delivery of papers. We understand that time is an essential factor in the academic world. Therefore, we ensure that we deliver the paper on or before the agreed date to give students ample time for reviewing.

Our Homework Writing Disciplines

Get High-Quality Homework Writing Services
Back To Top