Module Assignment – Qualitative Data Collection – Participant Observation Assig
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Module Assignment – Qualitative Data Collection – Participant Observation
a situation from the healthcare
Enter a situation as a participant observer. The situation and involve work, family or some other social setting. Use the “six aspects of an observed activity” as the top of page 207 in Polit and Beck as your guide in relating your descriptive notes of the experience. Use about 250 words to relate your experiences. Include both descriptive and reflective notes (p. 207) List two problems/challenges you found with this type of data collection. (MLO 2,6)
6 aspects of gathering participant Observation data:
1-The physical setting-“where” questions. what are the main features of the settings
2-The participants: “who” questions. who is present, and what are their characteristics?
3-Activities: “What”questions. What is going on.What are particpants doing?
4-Frequency and duration: “when” questions. When did activity begin and end? Is the activity a recurring one?
5-Process: “How” questions. How is the activity organized ? How does it unfold?
6- Outcomes: “Why” questions. Why is the activity happening? what did not happen and why
Proficient – 100% = 5pts; Competent – 75% = 3.75 pts; Non-competent Below 75
Used 6 aspects of an observed activity; Where, Who, What, When, How, Why (0.75 pts) 15%
Description gives evidence of both descriptive (objective descriptions of events and conversations observed) and reflective notes (researcher’s own experiences and reflections (2pts) 40%
Example of problems/challenges: distractions, over-involvement, interruptions (2 pts) 40%