I am going to attach a draft that I had to help you out a bit. At the bottom I w
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I am going to attach a draft that I had to help you out a bit. At the bottom I will provide you with my professors feedback. Underneath all of that I will provide you with the rubric for the entire research proposal.
Running head: TECHNOLOGY AND HEALTHCARE ADMINISTRATION
Advancement in Technology and Healthcare Administration
Lehman College Research Question
This research study seeks to answer the research question: how has advancements in technology improved healthcare administration?
Research Goals and Objectives
Research studies show that technology is a chief driving force in the modern healthcare industry based on technological breakthroughs in treatment, different healthcare advancements and the constant change in how the industry operates. Technology has also had a profound influence in the healthcare management sector which has impacted on the productivity of healthcare providers (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013; Okpala, 2018). Some examples of health information technology products that directly affect health administration include: electronic health records (EHR) and prescriptions, consumer health IT applications, telehealth, and the use of digital disease registries. This research study aims to provide a critical analysis of how advancements in technology have improved healthcare administration in terms of productivity, costs, quality of care, and patient safety and satisfaction levels. Technology keeps on changing which provides increased benefits to the delivery and quality of care provided to patients and increased productivity and efficiency among health care providers.
The expected results for this study include the impacts and outcomes of technology use in the healthcare sector and its effects on patients; costs of access to care, safety, quality of care, and satisfaction levels as well as healthcare providers and how this affects their productivity and efficiency levels.
Research Goal: The primary goal of the study is to establish how advancements in technology have improved healthcare administration based on productivity, costs, quality of care, and patient safety and satisfaction levels.
• How technology improves the quality of care provided to patients.
• How technology impacts the productivity and efficiency levels of healthcare providers.
• How technology affects the costs of providing and accessing healthcare.
• How technology impacts patient’s safety and satisfaction levels.
Technological advancements have had profound impacts in the healthcare sector and saved a huge percentage of patients which has continued to improve the quality of life. The digitization of health records has replaced outdated paper records and enhanced access to patient information, reduced medical errors, and improved service delivery (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013; Hessels et al., 2016; Okpala, 2018). The ease and remote access of EHR has improved public health and helps in advancing medical knowledge and development, increased productivity among healthcare providers, and reduced healthcare costs. The use of big data which is the enormous amounts of data collected and analyzed for analytics aids in the reduction of healthcare costs, addressing preventable deaths, predicting epidemics, improving the quality of life, enhancing the quality of care and efficiency, limiting waste, and the creation of new medicines and treatment options. However, it is imperative to point out that technological advancement and adoption in healthcare administration is also characterized by different disadvantages such as the costs incurred to purchase, maintain, and keep up with the changing technology, healthcare providers also have to have the relevant skills required to use the technology and avoid medical errors, as well as the issue of data security and threats to patient’s confidential information.
The US healthcare system leads in the adoption and advancement of technology on a global scale which has enhanced the management of patients through improved service delivery and patient satisfaction as well as that of the clinical settings. Okpala (2018) asserts that technology advancements increase productivity and service delivery by decreasing the waiting time and enhancing communication between patients and the healthcare providers. It provides timely assessments and intervention programs. Okpala also notes that the associated cost of implementation and use directly affects the access to healthcare services and the satisfaction of patients which determines the rate of technological advancement in this field (2018). One of the most significant goals of the US healthcare system is to reduce the costs of healthcare which means that a balance has to be established between the need for new technologies to improve the quality of life and care and the need to decrease costs. This study evaluates existing data and shows how the adoption of advanced technologies impacts its operations and affects patient’s satisfaction as well as the adoption cost of healthcare services. The study by Okpala (2018) is relevant to the topic in this research since it shows how the integration of technology has contributed to an improvement in the quality of diagnostic procedures, monitoring, and data-keeping of patient’s records.
According to Bardhan and Thouin, the impact of health information technologies (HIT) in the quality of care provided to patients is an important subject that has resulted in mixed findings (2013). The study uses archival data to establish the link between HIT, the quality care, and the outcomes of cost reduction. Quality of care is an important aspect of healthcare and technology ensures timely access to patient’s records, which eliminates medical errors or duplications thus saves costs, reduces waste, and enhances the access to care and productivity (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013). This study relates to the research question as it highlights the impacts of technology advancement in the provision of quality care, the issue of cost reduction, and the overall impact of HIT on patient health and wellbeing. The authors confirmed a positive link between the use of HIT and patients access to care and the use of best practices in treatment.
Lee, McCullough, and Town (2012) assert that HIT is a tool that has the potential to transform the healthcare industry primarily through service delivery. It is evident that the adoption of HIT improves health outcomes and increases productivity among healthcare providers. Nonetheless, the study notes that although technology in the healthcare sector improves productivity and quality of care, healthcare providers have to note how the same translates to cost reductions, higher profit margins, and patient volumes (Lee, McCullough, & Town, 2012). This study is relevant to the topic as it shows how technology impacts productivity and its relationships to cost implications in healthcare administration.
The advancements in technology in modern society have created a dynamic and exciting platform of discovery, the generation of knowledge, and fundamental changes that continue to inform and impact the healthcare field, healthcare providers, and patient outcomes (Hessels et al., 2016). This study examines the link between the adoption of electronic health records and the satisfaction levels of hospitalized patients as well as adverse outcomes. The study is relevant to the topic since it analyzes how effective adoption of technology can be used to address issues of readmission, the length of stay, patient safety, and account for critical organizational aspects.
Patient safety is key in healthcare delivery and is commonly described by avoidance and prevention. Technology can be used to reduce and limit medical errors and transform the healthcare environment to attain safer and better care. The use of HIT, telemedicine, e-prescribing, barcode medical administration, remote patient monitoring, and clinical decision support all aid in the improving patient safety, the delivery of care, access, and patient satisfaction levels which relates to the study in this research topic (Alotaibi & Federico, 2017).
The research studies discussed in this paper confirm the benefits of the advancements in technology in healthcare administration. Technology in healthcare has greatly enhanced the relationship between patients and healthcare providers translating to better diagnosis systems, assessments, interventions, and the overall quality of life. There are a few gaps in the previous research such as the link between technology and cost implications of adoption and use. This study will address the need to achieve a balance in the adoption of technology and quality care since technology keeps on changing thus results in higher purchase rates and maintenance costs that can impact access to care.
This study will analyze previous peer reviewed studies that have been conducted on the same topic which address the adoption and integration of technology in healthcare administration. The main study topics will include: advancement in technology, healthcare administration, efficiency and productivity linked to technology among healthcare providers, the impacts of quality of life and care associated with technological advancements, cost implications and technological adoption in healthcare, and patient safety and satisfaction levels.
The research study and data collection process will involve an inclusion and exclusion criteria to establish the most relevant studies that address the question such as the language, the year the study was conducted, academic and peer reviewed studies (Saks & Allsop, 2019), and key search terms linked to the study such as; technology, healthcare, patient satisfaction, patient safety, electronic health records, cost reductions, productivity, and quality of care. Anticipated Outcomes
It is evident that technology has led to a huge change in the healthcare industry as patients can easily access some of the best diagnostic tools, minimally invasive procedures, and new drugs and treatments. Some of the anticipated outcomes include: the fact that advancements in technology have extensively improved healthcare administration; technology has enhanced the quality of life and care provided to patients; EHRs have improved efficiency and productivity among healthcare providers; patient safety and satisfaction levels have greatly improved due to the adoption and integration of technology in the healthcare industry; and the cost implications of accessing health which have been impacted by advancements in technology.
Alotaibi, Y. K., & Federico, F. (January 01, 2017). The impact of health information technology on patient safety. Saudi Medical Journal, 38, 12, 1173-1180.
Bardhan, I. R., & Thouin, M. F. (May 01, 2013). Health information technology and its impact on the quality and cost of healthcare delivery. Decision Support Systems, 55, 2, 438-449.
Hessels, A., Hessels, A., Flynn, L., Cimiotti, J. P., Bakken, S., Gershon, R., Gershon, R., … Gershon, R. (January 01, 2016). Impact of heath information technology on the quality of patient care. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics, 19, 3.)
Lee, J., McCullough, J., & Town, R. J. (2012). The impact of health information technology on hospital productivity. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Okpala, P. (January 01, 2018). Assessment of the influence of technology on the cost of healthcare service and patient’s satisfaction. International Journal of Healthcare Management, 11, 4, 351-355.
Saks, M., & Allsop, J. (2019). Researching health: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Teachers Feedback For a paper on recent tech, make sure to have recent references – I would limit to the past 5 years or so – THis is way too broad a topic and you need to narrow to one technology – EHR, telehealth – and design your study around it – your writing is very strong. This makes phrases like, “Technology keeps on changing” stand out – try to minimize vague phrases and reference facts/positive statements. – not “body” – literature review – where is the logic model? Logic models are graphical representations, not text. I think you’re describing a meta analysis for your study, I can’t tell, but that is not something covered in class.You have to pick one technology and design a study that evaluates its impact. You cannot propose studying all technology. – You are a very strong writer and I am thrilled to read writing that is so polished so I don’t want you to miss my positive feedback among the critical feedback
Research Proposal Rubric I. Abstract (5pts)
In one paragraph, briefly and concisely (~350 words) describe your research proposal. Citations are not to be included. Summarize all of your paper who you intend to study, why, what you expect to find.
II. Introduction and Background (5pts)
In no less than two paragraphs, briefly describe the health-related issue you see in your community or in health care settings. Citations are not required, but your introduction must address the following:
1. The problem that you will be researching
2. Brief summary of the methods that will be used to conduct the research
3. Why this is important and why the reader should care about the outcomes
III. Needs Assessment (10pts)
Based on the problem you identified, describe how you would conduct a needs assessment. This section should be approximately one page. Do not conduct a needs assessment – it’s as difficult as a whole study is, just describe how you would do it. Your response should include:
1. Who are your key stakeholders? Why are they important to your research project? 2. Describe the needs assessment you will conduct and how it will gain useful input from the key stakeholders
3. What do you anticipate the needs assessment findings will tell you?
4. Will the key stakeholders be on board with your research project? Why? IV. Literature Review (5pts)
State in more detail the problem you have identified and include data sources that support your claim (e.g., lack of physical activity in your community and data on physical activity rates from Healthy People 2020). This section should be 2-3 pages. The formatting of this section is as follows:
1. Use APA citation style 2. Provide a one paragraph summary for each source with an introduction and conclusion; no less than seven paragraphs of detailed analysis of the problem you have identified, cite your sources. 3. This can be taken from your midterm, revised per feedback, etc.
V. Develop Your Research Question and Hypotheses (5pts)
Using the PICO method, develop a research question. Describe in detail the Population, Intervention, Control or Comparison, and Outcome. This section will be half of one page and should include:
1. Research Question
2. Research (Alternative) Hypothesis, indicate your independent vs dependent variable(s)
3. Null Hypothesis
VI. Methods (40pts)
In this section you will describe in detail HOW you will conduct your research project. This section should be no less than 2-3 pages and must include the following:
1. Study Design
a. What type of study design will you implement and why?
b. If randomized control, describe your control and experimental groups
2. Population Sampling
a. What are the inclusion and exclusion criteria for participants and describe why
b. How will you recruit participants
c. What is the sample size for your study and how did you calculate
a. Where will the research project take place and why did you choose this setting?
4. Data Collection- Quantitative
a. What data collection instruments will be used and when?
b. How were data collection instruments collected
c. Are the tools you have selected validated? d. If not, what steps will be taken to ensure reliability and validity
e. How will you 1. Input data for analysis and 2. Verify accuracy of data entry?
5. Data collection- Qualitative
a. What types of qualitative data will be collected and when?
6. Describe the statistical analysis method that should be employed for analyzing the data collected.
VII. Ethics (10pts)
This section will be approximately 2-3 paragraphs or half of one page and you must answer:
1. Potential ethical risks
2. Steps to mitigate risk
3. Sensitivity analysis: How would you conduct a sensitivity analysis of your data??
VIII. Develop Your Evaluation Plan (5)
All research projects should include an evaluation plan. This section is approximately half of one page and should provide:
1. One paragraph describing how you will measure success of the intervention proposed for your research project
2. A goal statement and objectives
IX. References (5pts)
Provide a reference page for all sources cited APA style
X. Formatting (10pts)
Overall APA formatting, typos, spelling, sentence structure, editing, etc: