respond to statements separately part1 The presence of illicit drugs within soci
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respond to statements separately
part1 The presence of illicit drugs within society has been an ongoing problem that law enforcement agencies on a local, state, and national level have been attempting to address for several decades. Drug dealing can be divided into two main retail markets: open-air markets and closed markets. In essence, an open market is a retail system where buyers have easy access to purchasing drugs (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). Conversely, closed markets are retail systems in which sellers only conduct business with known buyers (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). While there are pros and cons associated with each market, open markets are beneficial because of the ease of access to both buyers and sellers. The most prevalent drugs in open markets are marijuana, cocaine, and heroin (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). Due to the highly addictive nature of these substances, namely heroin, open markets typically operate during all hours of the day (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). The location of open markets depends primarily on the environmental conditions present. While they are most often found in urban environments, situational factors such as street layout, vacant buildings, and visual obstructions dictate the location of open markets (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). The internal structure of open markets is also delineated through clear hierarchies and specific functions (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). Some open markets consist of “freelance” sellers while others are organized around cultural and corporate structures (Harocopos and Hough, 2006). Supply and demand are central to any business, including the retail drug market. Understanding strategies that impact both the supply and demand of illicit substances are critical to addressing the problem.
Thefts from and of cars are a fairly common problem for police officers to respond to. The high rate of victims of car theft contacting the police is partially due to the requirement set forth by car insurance companies. Thefts of cars are often the result of someone using the car for a joyride, breaking down the car to resell parts, and for one’s own long-term usage. Theft from cars often results in someone’s personal belongings being taken from the car’s interior, but can also include the left of a car’s exterior features, like tires (Clarke, n.d. p.1-2). While car thefts occur in every community, they are most prevalent in parking facilities because offenders see car lots as having weak security and surveillance is not all-encompassing. The cars often targeted are those that are more expensive and eyecatching because they could be appealing to those that want to go for a joyride and to those who want to sell parts of that car (Clarke, n.d. p.4). Also, the type of parking space influences the likelihood of a car being broken into and parking decks have lower theft rates while parking lots come with an increased risk of car theft (Clarke, n.d. p.6).