please read the rubric and answer the questions accordingly. I have attached the
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please read the rubric and answer the questions accordingly. I have attached the article, the rubric and the questions to follow.
1. P. 286. For Kant, do the outcomes of actions matter, or only the intention of the actor? What conclusion does Kant draw from his answer? Briefly explain whether you agree or disagree with Kant on this question.
2. P. 287. Explain why the Categorical Imperative is categorical. Include in your answer an explanation of what the alternative to “categorical” would be.
3. P. 289 [last paragraph]-291. There are two types of freedom in Kant’s theory: One that is the “essence” of morality, and one that is a “postulate” for moral action. Explain what each is.
4. Analysis. “According to Kant man must act as if he were free, for man s the being who cannot help but feel moral obligation; man is the being with a conscience” (291).
So, Kant thinks that to be a moral person we must choose to follow the command (categorical imperative) given by our conscience. But, nowhere does Kant explain or justify how the conscience knows what the right thing to do is –we just “feel” an obligation to follow our conscience, but without knowing why.
Question: Refer back to the stages of culture diagram presented in class. Which stage does Kant’s moral theory most closely resemble, and why? Then, explain which stage would reject Kant’s view and say that, since we don’t know how or whether our conscience know what the right thing is, we have no real moral obligation to follow it, regardless of how we might “feel.”
Per the rubric, be sure to include a purpose statement or “abstract” that outlines/summarizes what the paper will discuss. This can be a quick summary (in your own words) of the questions your paper will answer.